Symptoms of Lyme disease occur over three stages: localized disease, disseminated early disease, and disseminated later disease. In the first, or localized disease stage, the only visible manifestation of Lyme disease, if any, is the EM rash without other symptoms. In the disseminated early disease stage, which is caused as the Bbspirochete starts to spread throughout the body, the primary symptom is widespread inflammation that is often accompanied by flu-like symptoms. In the final, or disseminated later disease stage, which typically occurs three months after a person first contracts Bb, but can sometimes not manifest until much longer than that (in some cases as long as 15 years or more), the primary symptoms are organ damage and impairment of other body systems. What follows is a more complete list of symptoms for each of the three stages of Lyme disease.
Localized Symptoms: The primary initial symptom of Lyme disease is the EM rash, which, if present, will occur at the site of the tick or insect bite. Other symptoms at this stage can include minor aches and pains, headache, and fever.
Disseminated Early and Later Disease Symptoms: Symptoms of Lyme disease in both the early and late stages of dissemination can vary. They include chronic fatigue, headache, weakness, muscle aches and pain, back pain, joint pain and swelling (similar to arthritis),chills, fever, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, facial paralysis, swollen lymph glands, enlarged spleen, profuse perspiration, irregular heartbeat, convulsions, vision problems, memory and cognition problems, cranial and Bell’s palsy, impaired muscle coordination, gait problems, stabbing pains along the extremities, diminished reflexes, brain and spinal cord infection, bladder and kidney problems, infertility, liver problems (including, in some cases, hepatitis), and skin disorders.
Lyme disease in these two stages can also result in mental health problems, including depression, mood swings, dementia, personality changes, hallucinations, panic attacks, impulsive violence and verbal aggression, paranoia, schizophrenia, eating disorders, and suicide. It can also cause or play a role in bipolar disorder (manic depression) and neurological disease.
When diagnosed at a very early stage, Lyme disease can be cured by a course of oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline. When treatment is delayed, the results can be disastrous, since in its later stages, “Lyme also includes collateral conditions that result from being ill with multiple pathogens, each of which has a profound impact on the person’s overall health,” states Joseph J. Burrascano, Jr., M.D., of East Hamptom, New York. “Together, damage to virtually all bodily systems can result.”
Lyme disease is caused by a microorganism known as Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb), a type of spirochete (so named because of its slender, spiral shape) that was first isolated and identified by Willy Burgdorfer, Ph.D., M.D. in 1982. Conventional wisdom holds that Lyme is solely transmitted by ticks. This is false. In addition to ticks, Lyme can also be spread by a variety of other insects, including fleas, flies, mites, and mosquitoes, as well as by human-to-human contact (including breast feeding), and by blood transfusion. Unpasteurized goat or cow milk can also transmit Bb infection. It is important to realize that Lyme disease is not a simple infection, but rather a serious, complex illness that can often consist of other co-infections in addition to Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb), especially the parasitic pathogensBabesia and Ehrlichia.
Diagnosing Lyme Disease
Accurately diagnosing Lyme disease is extremely difficult. Compounding this problem is the fact that both positive and negative findings do not necessarily mean what one might expect. For example, it is entirely possible to test positive to Lyme disease and not have it, since at some point in the past, you may have been exposed to Bb, resulting in the creation of antibodies by your body in order to fight it. If the antibodies were able to do their job effectively (a possibility in people with healthy immune systems), the Bb would have been eliminated and the positive reading would simply be reflecting the presence of Bb antibodies. Conversely, diagnostic testing measures for Lyme disease do not always detect Bb, leading to negative test results although Lyme disease is actually present.
Conventional Testing Methods for Lyme Disease: The most common conventional testing methods used to diagnose Lyme disease fall into two categories: antibody and direct detection.
Antibody tests include the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) test, an automated and standardized procedure that uses enzymes to detect Bb antibodies, and the ELISA “capture test,” which uses two different methods to detect Bb antibodies, and is considered more sensitive than the more commonly available version of the ELISA test.
Another antibody test is known as the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody (IFA) test, which was the original test used to diagnose Lyme disease, and is still used by some labs despite its high risk of error. In this test, fluorescent dye is added to a slide containing a blood sample mixed with a dead Bb specimen. The slide is then placed under a microscope under fluorescent or ultraviolet light. If a green color appears, it is considered a positive reading.
With both the ELISA and IFA tests, a positive reading usually results in a follow up Western blot test, which also carries a high risk of inaccuracy, given the fact that as many as 40 percent of people with Lyme disease ever exhibit antibodies for Lyme. Other antibody tests, which also carry the risk of misdiagnosis, include the Borreliacidal antibody test (BAT), the immune complex test, the prevue test, and the C6 Lyme peptide test.
Direct detection testing methods for detecting Lyme disease include culturing, staining, antigen tests, and the Polymerase Chain Reaction test (PCR).
Alternative Testing Methods for Lyme Disease: An increasing amount of physicians, especially those in the field of holistic and alternative methods, are turning to two nontraditional testing methods despite the fact that neither test has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The tests were developed by Joanne Whitaker, MD, and Linda Mattman, PhD, respectively. Dr. Whitaker’s test is known as the Rapid Identification of Bb (RIBb). It involves a highly purified fluorescent antibody stain that is specific for Bb, making it capable of determining whether Bb is present within 30 minutes after the test is performed. Such a rapid test result is key to making an accurate diagnosis in time to begin a proper treatment protocol before Lyme disease progresses throughout the body.
The test developed by Dr. Mattman is a culture test that also employs a fluorescent antibody staining technique. This allows health practitioners who use it to observe live cultures under a fluorescent microscope. According to Dr. Mattman, when a person is ill, his or her antibodies become entangled in the body’s tissues, forming what is known as an immune complex that cannot be detected by conventional blood and antibody tests. This is why conventional tests for Lyme disease so often result in false negatives. Both the RIBb and Mattman tests look for Bb directly, instead of antibodies to it, in much the same way that tuberculosis is diagnosed.
A third diagnostic test that is becoming increasingly popular in the United States originated in the Netherlands, where it was developed by internationally renowned holistic physician C.J.M. Broekhuyse, MD, founder and director of Vegsii Research. Dr. Broekhuyse has a keen interest in Lyme disease because he was infected with it many years ago, and did not become aware that he was until many years later, largely due to the ineffective conventional medical tests for detecting it. Dr. Broekhuyse now devotes much of his time helping others recover from Lyme disease. In the process of doing so, he has developed a blood test that screens not only for Bb, but also for Ehrlichia phagocytophila, and protozoa similar to the malaria organism called Babesia microti, making it highly effective for determining if Lyme disease is present. Dr. Broekhuyse’s test is now available to people in the United States through Vonner Health Services, a company dedicated to helping people cope with Lyme disease and a wide variety of other illnesses caused by bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections.
Electrodermal Screening (EDS): Another test often employed by alternative physicians to detect Lyme disease is electrodermal screening. Electrodermal screening (EDS) is a noninvasive diagnostic technique that measures the electrical output of specific points on the hands, face, or feet that correlate to acupuncture meridian points at the beginning or end of energy meridians. The electrical signals given off at these points provide information about the health status of the body’s organs and organ systems, and can also be used to detect the presence of toxins, energy and hormonal imbalances, and harmful microorganisms. In the hands of a highly skilled EDS practitioner, EDS can often detect evidence of Lyme disease, even when other sophisticated testing methods fail to do so. This is because both health and disease are first and foremost the result of balanced or imbalanced energy.
The Lyme Disease Questionnaire: According to Joseph Burrascano, MD, a leading expert in the treatment of Lyme disease, “No currently available test, no matter the source or type, is definitive in ruling out infection with the pathogens associated with Lyme disease, or whether these infections are responsible for the patient’s symptoms. The entire clinical picture must be taken into account, including a search for concurrent conditions and alternative diagnoses, and other reasons for some of the presenting complaints.” To address these issues, Dr. Burrascano developed an in-depth list of diagnostic criteria and an exhaustive symptom checklist to help patients and their physicians make a more accurate diagnosis of Lyme disease. His Lyme disease questionnaire is made available by the Lyme Disease Network, a national clearing house for information about Lyme Disease.
You can find Dr. Burrascano’s symptom checklist (a.k.a. Risk Profile) by going to their website site, using the following link: www2.lymenet.org/domino/file.nsf/UID/guidelines(You will need to scroll down.) Though the questionnaire is not meant to be used as definite diagnostic criteria, it can help determine if you have Lyme disease. The more yes answers you have, the more likely it is that Lyme disease is present
Preventing Lyme Disease
Like all serious illnesses, the best way to deal with Lyme disease is to prevent it. The following guidelines, provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, can help you do so. Be sure to especially follow them between the months of May through September, which is when most cases of Lyme infection occur.
- Avoid tick-infested areas.
- When outdoors, wear light-colored clothing so ticks are clearly visible. Smooth materials such as windbreakers are harder for ticks to latch onto, and are therefore preferable to clothing such as knits.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants, and a hat, and closed shoes and socks. Be sure to tuck pant legs into socks or boots, and tuck shirts into pants.
- Apply insect repellent to pants, socks, shoes, and exposed skin.
- Walk in the center of nature trails to avoid overgrown grass and brush.
- After being outdoors in tick-infested areas, remove, wash, and dry clothing.
- Inspect your body thoroughly and carefully remove any attached ticks. Also check pets for ticks.
- If you find a tick, tug gently but firmly with blunt tweezers near the head of the tick until it releases its hold on the skin. Grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible and pull straight out. To reduce the risk of infection, try not to crush the tick’s body or to handle the tick with bare fingers. Don’t attempt to dislodge ticks using heat or chemicals, as this can cause them to inject more pathogens into your skin.
- Swab the bite area thoroughly with an antiseptic to prevent bacterial infection.
Additional Prevention Tips: To protect yourself from tick bites, also take the following measures:
- Remove woodpiles, rock walls, and bird feeders, since these attract tick-carrying small animals and can therefore increase the risk of Lyme infection.
- Property should be treated with Damminix, which consists of cardboard tubes containing cotton balls that have been dipped in insecticide. Lace tubes around wooded areas and below shrubs. “Mice, which are a key link in the propagation of Lyme disease, find the cotton and bring it back to their burrows to be used as nesting material, with the result being a big decrease in the number of ticks in the area,” Dr. Burrascano explains.
- After two years, the tick population may once again increase as other small animals that do not gather cotton become tick hosts. Therefore, using Damminix alone is not enough. You should also use liquid or granular insecticides, such as Tempo, permethrin, and sevin. If liquid insecticides are used, apply by fogging (not by coarse spraying) in a strip a few feet wide at the perimeter of the lawn at any areas adjacent to woods and underbrush. Also treat any ornamental shrubs near the house that may serve as a habitat for small animals. The best time to apply these products is in late spring and early fall.
- Tick repellents that contain permethrin, such as Permanone and Permakill, can also be sprayed directly onto clothing before you wear them (let dry fully before you put them on). Avoid having such products come in contact with your skin, however.
- Upon returning home from outdoor activities, place your clothes in a dryer for ten minutes. This will kill any ticks that may be hidden in your clothes.
Nutrition and diet are key players in the healing and elimination of imbalance and disease. For a complete, nutrition packed, whole foods eating plan, read the Natural Cures Healing Food Plan. Also, for some plagued with Lyme Disease, a raw food diet could be extremely beneficial; for others, raw food may not be the best choice. Each person responds differently based on their individual chemistry and the depth of the condition being healed. To learn more, read about the Raw Food Diet. Numerous books are available to give you a bigger overview of how eating raw and live foods might be the perfect healing path. (See the recommended books section.) You can print out these full articles on the different diets for easy reference.
- Avoid all alcohol and sugars (including all sugar replacements with the exception of Stevia or mesquite meal powder) Sugar in all its many forms feed the bacteria associated with Lyme disease, and also contributes to candidiasis, a co-factor illness that is often found in patients with Lyme disease.
- Do not drink any carbonated beverages or coffee
- Avoid all processed food, food dyes and preservatives, fried food and fast food restaurants.
- Avoid all canned food.
- Avoid wheat, wheat based products and refined carbohydrates.
- Eliminate conventional dairy products. The best dairy products are raw, unpasteurised and homogenised dairy from grass fed cows. If this is unavailable, then buy organic dairy.
- Do not eat saturated, trans-, hydrogenated or partially-hydrogenated fats and oils.
- Avoid non organic meat.
Undergo testing for potential food allergies and sensitivities and avoid those foods to which you test positive. Consider a rotation diet or elimination diet in order to further reduce the likelihood of food allergies.
- Be sure to drink plenty of fresh, filtered water throughout the day
- Emphasize a diet of organic, whole foods, with plenty of fresh vegetables. Include a wide variety of antioxidant rich foods, such as bell peppers, carrots, celery, dark-green leafy vegetables, such as kale, collards, mustard greens, cilantro, parsley, spinach, tomatoes, and yellow squash.
- Complex whole grains are recommended, as are almonds, yams, lentils, and squash, because of their ability to help balance internal pH levels.
- Choose fruit carefully and if you have Candidiasis, only eat green apples and an occasional grapefruit. You can eat seasonal fruit in moderation, and enjoy cherries, mangos, melons, plums, red grapes, and berries of all types, along with fiber rich apples and pears.
- Choose organic free-range meats, poultry and wild caught fish, and eat plain, organic yogurt to help supply your gastrointestinal tract with healthy intestinal flora. Organic egg yolks are good because they are rich in carotenoids, a class of antioxidants.
- Choose from virgin coconut butter/oil, extra virgin olive oil, high lignin flax seed oil, and unrefined hemp seed, walnut, and sunflower oils.
- Take Vitamin D3 50,000-100,000 International Units a day.
- Allicin C – 2 capsules three times a day for 3 months
- Intravenous chelation
- From site: Dr. Broekhuyse’s Target Pack: One of the most promising natural remedies for Lyme disease is a combination herbal remedy developed by Dr. C.J. M. Broekhuyse, founding medical director of Vesgii Research in the Netherlands, known as theTarget Pack. This approach involves taking a series of proprietary formulas, developed by Dr. Broekhuyse, over a three phase period that typically lasts between 16 and 20 weeks. The Target Pack has been a great success with thousands of European patients with Lyme disease, and is now available to people in the U.S. and Canada through Vonner Health Services. The Target Pack works by deburdening and destressing the internal environment of the body from undesirable toxins and microbes, including the pathogens known to cause Lyme disease. In the process, it also balances the immune system and replenishes healthy gastrointestinal flora, as it targets and eliminates Bb and other Lyme pathogens, as well as various other unhealthy microbes. In the vast majority of cases, patients report complete recovery from their symptoms after only one course of all three phases of the treatment protocol.
- Useful nutrients for dealing with Lyme disease include vitamin A, beta-carotene, vitamin B1, biotin, inositol, B-complex vitamins, vitamin C, essential fatty acids (especially omega-3 oils), calcium pantothenate, magnesium, and zinc, in addition to a daily multivitamin/multimineral formula. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is also recommended due to its ability to improve stamina, energy levels, and resistance to infection. (Avoid CoQ10 if you are taking the medication atovaquone, also known as Mepron.) Other helpful nutrients include acidophilus, to counteract the side effects of antibiotics within the gastrointestinal tract, the amino acid L-carnitine, and thymus gland extract.
- Some holistic physicians report that high doses of vitamin C administered intravenously can be very effective in dealing with Lyme disease. Such treatment must be administered by a skilled, nutritionally-oriented physician.
- Transfer Factor: Transfer factors are tiny protein molecules that are much smaller than antibodies. They act as messengers for the immune system’s production of white blood cells in response to attacks on the body by invading microorganisms, including Bb. More importantly, transfer factors can literally teach the immune system to recognize such pathogens, so that they can be dealt with more effectively. In the case of Lyme disease, the recognition of Bb by the immune system is vitally important, because if Bb is not recognized, it is able to spread more easily throughout the body, making its eradication immeasurably more difficult. According to Dr. Joanne Whitaker, antigen-specific Transfer Factor is the most effective type of transfer factor for dealing with chronic Lyme disease. Taken orally, it can quickly improve the immune system’s ability to track and eliminate Bb.
Prescription and non-prescription medication:
What non-prescription and prescription drugs are you taking? Your non-prescription and prescription are partially the reason that you have this illness or disease – you need to get off these medications, but do so only under the guidance of a licensed health care practitioner.
Go to a Dr Morter BEST (Bio-Energetic Synchronisation Technique) Practitioner.
- Sign up for Energetic Re-Balancing: 2 practitioners to consider are:
Stephen Lewis, founder of the Aim Program. Find out more by clicking here.
. Find out more by clicking here.
- Consider using Mary Millers Iching System Products – ichingsystemsinstruments.com
- Reiki healing is very powerful in releasing stress and emotional baggage. Find a practitioner here.
- Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) has had remarkable results in dissolving stress. Find a local practitioner here or go to www.thetappingsolution.com or www.tftrx.com
- Try Hypnotherapy to relax the mind. Find a practitioner here.
It is essential that people with Lyme disease get plenty of rest and minimize stress. Avoid overwork and personal interactions that can cause you to feel stressful. At the same time, try to exercise regularly throughout each week, at least three times a week for 30 minutes each session. One of the easiest and most enjoyable forms of exercise is brisk walking. Not only does walking provide physical health benefits, it can also soothe away daily stress and improve your mood.
To further improve your ability to manage stress, consider making relaxation exercises a daily part of your life. These include prayer, meditation, guided imagery and visualization, and breathing exercises. Counselling and joining a support group can also be highly beneficial as well as the following:
Treating Lyme Disease with Traditional Chinese Medicine: www.naturalnews.com/028216_lyme_disease_remedies.html
Woman reverses Lyme Disease with raw milk fasting: www.naturalnews.com/035155_Lyme_disease_raw_milk_fasting.html
Treat Lyme Disease with apple cider vinegar: www.naturalnews.com/028385_Lyme_disease_apple_cider_vinegar.html
The dirty truth about Lyme Disease: www.angelfire.com/biz/romarkaraoke/Lymetruth.html
Lyme disease: Treating with natural therapies: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gn4Lda7mXWk
Treating Lyme Disease Naturally: www.cindeegardner.com/articles/9545617127/treating-lyme-disease-naturally
Lyme and complementary medicine: www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/lyme-disease-000102.htm
Lyme disease epidemic: www.naturalnews.com/025362_disease_lyme_ticks.html
Further Information (links and books)
Healing Lyme: Natural Healing And Prevention of Lyme Borreliosis And Its Coinfections – Stephen Harrod Buhner; Recipes for Repair: A Lyme Disease Cookbook, Kenneth B. Singleton:
Andrea Butje | Aromahead [email protected] – Aromatherapy
Carrie Vitt [email protected] – Organic food recipes.
David Spector-NSR/USA [email protected] – Meditation, stress
Judith Hoad [email protected] – Herbalist.
Kath May [email protected] – Reiki, Tai Chi.
Lillian Bridges [email protected] – Chinese medicine, living naturally.
Monika [email protected] – Aromatherapy.
Rakesh [email protected] – Ayurvedic practitioner.